Sample Topics on Group Discussion

  

GD – 1 ( Is nuclear power essential to India)

 

It is a well known fact that the growth of any nation depends upon the energy resources available for that country. India being an emerging nation has been facing a huge shortage of power these days. In order to meet widening gap between the supply and demand, India decided to explore the potential of nuclear power. The reasons that forced national leaders to this option are firstly air pollution caused by the thermal power plants and secondly lack of sophisticated technology for harnessing renewable energy resources. These days we are seeing protests near kudankulam nuclear power plant in Tamil Nadu where a 2000 M.W. power plant is going to be started. The reasons for that are, that state already possessed a plant of capacity 440 M.W. nuclear plant. There are several people who doubt the safety of a nuclear power plant. The disaster that took place in Japan added fuel to this problem and one need to know that this power plant was built in earth quake prone region.

In India first nuclear plant was established in 1962 and today there exist 8 such plants in our country till date no such disasters took place. The total nuclear capacity of India contributes to not more than 25% of the total energy needs whereas if you take the example of France almost 75% of its energy needs are fulfilled by nuclear plants. Until 2008 there was a ban on India and no country agreed to supply nuclear fuel or uranium to India because of pokran tests carried by India to develop a nuclear weapon. In 2008 the then government of India signed an agreement with U.S. which is known as 123 agreement or civilian nuclear agreement.

There are some people who argue that this agreement will threaten the sovereignty of India. At the time of that treaty, the then allies (left parties) of the ruling government (congress) threatened to withdrew their support. Even then keeping the needs of nation in mind the government of signed it. At present there are 8 countries (i.e. U.S, Russia, Argentina, France, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Canada and South Korea)that supply nuclear fuel uranium to India.People need to know that these are the plants that operate under the safety rules of IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)- an international agency which monitors all nuclear plants across the world. Another point is that a 2000 M.W. Thermal plant requires an area of 250 acres whereas a similar capacity nuclear plant requires just 80 acres. And one kilogram of uranium is equivalent to 3000 tons of high quality coal. The Indian coals are of low quality with high amount of ash content and its usage leads to severe air pollution.

At present the government of India has been installing wind power plants across the nation to generate power but these plants need lot of sophistication in technology. Keeping all these in mind one need to allow nuclear plants to operate for at least a few years i.e. until renewable gain momentum and government should try to address the concerns of general public by making them aware of safety standards that are maintained in these types of power plants.

 

 

GD – 2 (Bio-Diversity – The need of the hour)

 

Earth is the place which offers a habitat not only for human beings but also for different living beings like animals, birds and insects. Almost 70% of earth is covered with water resources like oceans and seas which offers habitat for different aquatic animals. Remaining 30% of land comprises of mountains, valleys, forests and grass lands etc. which offer shelter for several terrestrial animals like lions, tigers, pandas, deers etc. Among all these living beings humans are the only beings which are awarded with capability to think. In search of valuables minerals present in these areas, the forests and mountains are depleting day by day reducing the living habitat of animals. In order to prevent the further damage of environment United Nations Organization (UNO) started several initiatives in which the current Bio-diversity meet in India is one.
With an intention to protect the biodiversity of earth UNO prepared an agreement in the year 1992. That agreement was signed by 168 countries which now together known as Conference Of Parties (COP). All these countries attend an annual meeting to discuss the current position and to propose necessary measures to enhance biodiversity on earth. The meeting at Hyderabad is eleventh meeting known as COP11. Earlier this organization proposed two protocols with the names Kartezena protocol and Nagoya protocol each having their own importance.
Kartezena protocol is meant to reduce the effects of LMOs (Living Modified Organisms) on biodiversity. LMOs are nothing but the organisms whose genetic structure is modified as to fulfill a particular purpose. The genetically modified seeds are the well known example for LMOs in which a bacteria with the name Bacillus Thurengenesis to protect plant from external pests. The government of Brazil introduced GM mosquitoes to prevent dengue from their nation. But the neighboring countries expressed their fury over that work and fearing about the consequences of the effects generated by these new insects. According to the above agreement every nation should intimate other nations about their work on LMOs.
Nagoya protocol is another agreement which is meant for fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising due to utilization of genetic resources. These frame works will abide world nations to conserve and promote the biodiversity on earth, which is highly essential for the sustenance of mankind.
UNO organizes 5th of June as international day of environment, 22nd of May as international day of Bio-diversity. It declared the year 2011 as international year of forests and the decade 2011-2020 as decade of Bio-diversity. These kinds of summits will create awareness among the common citizens and guide and intimate governments about the levels of Bio-diversity in their respective nations. If you take the example of India, few years back the Government of India initiated a scheme with the name “save tiger” to increase the Indian tiger’s number. With that initiative the population of Indian national animal increased and protected from becoming extinct. But recently we have seen most of the kazeranga forest reserve got submerged due to heavy floods in the state of Assam. Due to which several rhinos moved into dry and unsafe places which gave an opportunity to poachers to hunt them for their tusks. This can be considered as an example of poor maintenance and inadequate security in animal habitats.
Thus the preservation of biodiversity which include wildlife and forests will enhance human life on the earth. If we would like to protect wild animals, we have to protect forests from deforestation which further reduces the green house gases which keeps our living environment safe and make life on earth sustainable.

GD – 3 (Role of media in democracy)

 

Democracy is a form of government in which people can express their opinions freely. People can condemn the things which made them feel inconvenient and they can show solidarity to anyone or anything even though the National Government is against those aspects. Indian democracy is considered as one of the best and finest democracies in the world. Media is actually the one which should act like a mirror to resemble the things that are happening in other parts of the country. It is the duty of the media (news channels) to educate the citizens of the nation by analyzing both the pros and cons of any aspect that are going on in that nation. With the advent of technology the media is classified into two categories.
a. Print media (news papers, magazines etc).
b. Electronic media (news channels, websites etc).
Earlier there used to be very few news papers and there exists only Doordharsan channel to inform any developments that are taking place in the nation to the citizens of India. But these days there came several corporations like Network 18, Star network etc which are running separate channels for news, movies and music. Even though there exist very less number of news channels and news papers earlier, they are known for their professional ethics. Now almost every political party has its own news channel to promote its policies and abuse the schemes of opponent parties. The independent news channels are also not maintaining the ethical standards of journalism. In order to attract more advertisers, to promote their channel and increase its TRP (Television Rating Points), these news channels are exaggerating even the very minute things. Even individual journalists and reporters of many media houses turned as black mailers and started threatening certain individuals by keeping their confidential information or personal matters in their hands. The celebrities pertaining to film industry, businessmen and government officials in crucial positions are mostly targeted by these people by spreading gossips. The media people, who shout at their maximum pitch at Anna Hazare hunger strikes against corruption, will try to procure information from government offices by bribing the clerks or the peons in those offices.

But even today there exist some journalists who treat “work as worship”. Recently a journalist who has been writing against the land mafia in Maharashtra was murdered ruthlessly. There came several journalism schools to produce future journalists and it should be the responsibility of these institutes to fill the disappearing ethical standards in journalism. It is the responsibility of the every individual to support the media which publishes rightful news and maintain standards of journalism. The media houses should not misuse the right to speech given by constitution of India by creating rumours and invalid allegations against anyone.
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